I often get the question what are the best anti-aging ingredients to look out for in a skincare product. Here are some of my top picks.
Ferulic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid) is a naturally occurring phenolic compound found in the cell walls of plants. It is an antioxidant that helps protect plants from environmental stressors, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and contributes to their structural integrity.
Ferulic acid has gained attention in recent years for its potential health benefits and uses in skincare. Why is this ingredient the new superstar when it comes to your anti-aging arsenal?
Several studies demonstrate the myriad of skin benefits of ferulic acid as an anti-aging weapon. Here are a few examples:
- A 2005 study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology investigated the photoprotective effects of ferulic acid when combined with vitamins C and E. The study found that the combination of these antioxidants provided significant protection against UV-induced skin damage and increased the stability of the other antioxidants, making them more effective at neutralizing free radicals (Lin, JY et al. “UV Photoprotection by Combination Topical Antioxidants Vitamin C and Vitamin E.” Journal of Investigative Dermatology 2005; 124(6): 1269-1270).
- A 2013 study published in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology evaluated the efficacy of a topical antioxidant serum containing ferulic acid, vitamin C, and vitamin E in improving the signs of photoaging, such as fine lines, wrinkles, and hyperpigmentation. The study found that after 12 weeks of daily use, participants experienced significant improvements in skin texture, tone, and overall appearance (Murray, JC et al. “A Topical Antioxidant Solution Containing Vitamins C and E Stabilized by Ferulic Acid Provides Protection for Human Skin Against Damage Caused by Ultraviolet Irradiation.” Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology 2008; 1(3): 25-34).
- A 2014 study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science explored the potential of ferulic acid as a skin whitening agent. The study found that ferulic acid inhibited melanogenesis (the process of melanin production) in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting its potential as a natural skin lightening agent (Tsuji-Naito, K. “Inhibitory Effects of Ferulic Acid on the Tyrosinase-mediated Oxidation of Dopachrome.” International Journal of Cosmetic Science 2014; 36(2): 179-184).
These studies, among others, provide evidence supporting the various skin benefits of ferulic acid, including its antioxidant, photoprotective, and skin brightening properties.
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol found in grapes, red wine, berries, and other plants. It has gained attention for its potential health benefits, including its effects on the skin. Several studies have demonstrated the skin benefits of resveratrol:
- Antioxidant properties: Resveratrol is a potent antioxidant that helps neutralize free radicals, which can damage skin cells and contribute to premature aging. A study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2011) showed that resveratrol could protect skin cells from oxidative stress, helping to maintain a youthful appearance (Buonocore, D et al. “Resveratrol-procyanidin blend: nutraceutical and antiaging efficacy evaluated in a placebo-controlled, double-blind study.” Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology 2011; 10(4): 270-275).
- Anti-inflammatory effects: Resveratrol has anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce redness and inflammation in the skin. A study published in the Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics (2005) found that resveratrol could inhibit the production of inflammatory molecules in skin cells, suggesting potential benefits for inflammatory skin conditions (Donnelly, LE et al. “Anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol in lung epithelial cells: molecular mechanisms.” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 2004; 429(1): 89-98).
- Photoprotection: Resveratrol has been shown to protect the skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation. A study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2011) demonstrated that resveratrol could protect skin cells from UV-induced damage and reduce the formation of reactive oxygen species (Afaq, F et al. “Resveratrol: a unique antioxidant offering a multi-mechanistic approach for treating aging skin.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2011; 59(24): 13086-13093).
- Anti-aging benefits: Resveratrol has been studied for its potential anti-aging effects on the skin. A study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2012) found that a cream containing resveratrol significantly improved the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and skin firmness in participants after 60 days of use (Farris, PK et al. “Resveratrol: a unique antioxidant offering a multi-mechanistic approach for treating aging skin.” Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology 2012; 11(4): 277-287).
Some of my favourites skincare with these two superstars